Malaysia's 6 prime ministers...all from UMNO and causing our country's present fiasco.A long and very well written Article.Worth reading to really understand the history of Malaysia since independence.
Congratulations to Nawawi Mohamad for a very well written Factual Development
of Malaysia since its formation, and all the UMNO power brokers. All
Malaysian should read these Historical FACTS regarding its Formation, before
they are 'twisted" or buried out of memory, like what have been done
regarding the History of Melaka, and the Hang warriors.
A rather long artcicle but a very informative one! Good article; it
summarizes all the criminal acts committed by UMNO....
Malaysia's 6 prime ministers: When did the corruption and racism start?
Written by Nawawi Mohamad
Many of us may have asked; when and why did the racial divisions in Malaysia
start and who is to blame? Obviously, the racial divide did not exist in old
Malaya, where the different races could live together in harmony in the
kampongs (villages) and small towns. Now, it seems that we are forever at the
brink of racial tension or even racial war. In fact, jihad (holy war) has
been declared several times by the Umno-linked Perkasa against the Christians
as well as the Chinese.
We should also ask why
a-still-young-nation with all the potential to be prosperous could so quickly
face impending bankruptcy. Also, what has happened to patriotism; did
it burn out or was it never really instilled into our hearts? To find out, we
have to go back in history.
The starting point
When UMNO was formed, the late Onn Jaafar who was one of the main founders
and who was the then president, had to leave the party because a group of new
faces disagreed and fought with him over the political direction to be taken.
They insisted their ideas were better than his and this inevitably led to the
changes in policies, rules and objectives.
Whereas Onn was more for uniting the Malays from all walks of life, with the
Chinese, Indians and other migrants under one organsation, and then jointly
struggle for independence, the group of UMNO leaders led by the late Tunku
Abdul Rahman was more interested in meeting the qualifying terms set by the
British for achieving independence - no matter how onerous.
The idea of a non-communal political party
Onn Jaafar - the
grandfather of current Home Minister Hishammuddin Hussein - had indeed been
farsighted and visionary; he felt the need for racial harmony and a
non-communal political party was the best way to secure a prosperous future for
Malaya. No doubt the British did create the Malayan Union comprising
all races with equal rights, and even diluted the powers of the Malay rulers,
but the British were not really sincere at all.
The British did not really want Malayans to be united as one, like in Onn's
vision. Neither did the British really want the Malayan Union to succeed. So
the Malays were led into rejecting the Malayan Union, paving the way for its
Had the British been sincere, they would have backed Onn’s idea. Instead
the British supported Tunku when he was elected the new UMNO president after
Onn resigned. Onn had to quit after failing to garner the majority support
from the delegates on his multiracial vision after his speech in the UMNO
General Assembly in Kuala Lumpur in August 1951 backfired. The Malays have
never been united since then.
The idea of non-communal political party still lives on
But did Onn Jaafar really have so little support? The answer is no, he had
the support of the Malays all over the country and at the grass root level. In fact when Tunku tried to
manage UMNO, he found out that most of the people were not aware that Onn had
left the party. The staff manning the UMNO offices were also reluctant
to work with Tunku as they still supported Onn. In the end, Tunku had to
abandon the old UMNO office bearers and create a new set-up, appointing his
own people to manage the party and its activities.
Further proof of the British ill-intent was when they told the Malayan
entourage negotiating for independence consisting of UMNO, MCA and MIC that
Malaya could not be given independence since the three major races were not
united! Onn's multiracial proposal was the best and it still is and the
British also knew that. Yet, they managed to convince the Malayan delegates
to agree on an Alliance with UMNO, MCA and MIC the pioneer members.
To their discredit, all three of them fell for it. Presumably this
had been outlined by the British for Tunku to implement.
UMNO failed us from the start
Here UMNO has thus failed twice; Firstly, to unite the Malays and consolidate
their political power and losing the opportunity to unite the various races
under one non-communal party. Secondly to really lead a more meaningful
struggle. Unlike the other true independent struggles seen all over the
world, Umno just
“negotiated” for a 'walkover' from the British.
UMNO may argue that it was the ingenuity of their leaders that helped
Malayans gain independence without bloodshed. This is not true! There was
indeed a lot of bloodshed but not amongst the UMNO people. What about the
struggle led by other groups and individuals? Let us also not forget that
during this period there were many other groups and individuals struggling
and fighting for independence and with the inevitable bloodshed. We were not
informed about their struggle as if the Alliance was the only one who
struggled. PAS deputy president Mat Sabu had exposed this one-sided history
for us. Besides the Communists, there were many others from all the races.
Nations that experienced, endured and managed to overcome all obstacles
leading to the true sense of independence are usually of a different breed.
The struggle instills real patriotism and their citizens really value what
they have achieved unlike Malaysians too, who need to be lured to fly the
Jalur Gemilang almost every time we try to celebrate the National Day.
In the end, the UMNO-BN celebration of the 31st August National Day has
become something of a mediocre, wasteful, and meaningless effort, without
zeal and substance, without the real feeling of patriotism at all. The annual
procession is just for show as the number of people flying the Jalur Gemilang
keeps dwindling year after year till the number of road vehicles flying the
national flag can even be counted on our fingers. The national day
celebrations are only being looked forward to by the Mat Rempits and the
like, including their bohsias.
UMNO and Malaysia under Tunku Abdul Rahman: Going Nowhere
Malaysia under Tunku was not really independent, it had to depend on the
British and they were more than willing to maintain their support, mainly due
to economic reasons. The British had invested so much in Malaya in
plantation, mining, banking, media and education. Furthermore, Malaya was one
of the growing markets for everything English.
After gaining independence, the Tunku was not able to really achieve anything
more substantial. He was not even able to defeat the ragtag Communists, and
Malaysia was still backward in every sense of the word. The young democracy
and new nation was just at its infancy and without any coherent policy,
objectives, vision and actions although there were some sort of localized
economic activities in the towns, and racial harmony in the kampongs.
With the Communists still active not only in the jungles but also in the
urban areas and their ideology spreading in the University of Malaya, real
peace and unity as a nation were not attained during his reign. Even
Singapore was separated from Malaysia. The economy was not doing well since
Malaysia was more on a commodity-based economy, and at the mercy of the
British who controlled prices and the trade itself.
At this stage of the nation building, Malaysians had nothing to celebrate or
cheer about. There was nothing to hold on to, nor was there a sense of
belonging. Not only were the business, finance and money still under the
British, the Supreme Court was also in Britain. Nothing substantial belonged
to Malaysia. The Malays in particular had nothing except for the small plots
of land in the kampongs and the Malay rulers to be proud of. Tunku did not
have any real plans for the Malays despite UMNO being so-called the United
Malays National Organization..
Racism during Tunku’s period
The Tunku fell into the trap set by the British when the racial based
Alliance was formed. He had not done enough to set any solid foundation for
the country and he realized too late how fragile the racial harmony was when
after the 1969 general election. The Gerakan and DAP had celebrated their
wins with a victory parade in KL on 12th May 1969. Then UMNO led a counter
march the next day, and this is when the racial riot known as the infamous
May 13 racial riots erupted. May 13 also led to Abdul Razak Hussein taking
over the nation's leadership.
But was it really a racial riot? Were both the Gerakan and DAP really so
insensitive to the political situation that they organized the march and
failed to control their members? The Alliance managed to win 77 out of 140
seats in Parliament; UMNO still held power. Furthermore it was very
interesting to note that Malay opposition parties saw a sharp increase in
votes in the peninsula, rising drastically from about 15% in 1964 to 25% in
1969. UMNO did not have the full support of the Malays and apparently the
Malays did not agree fully with UMNO even then!
UMNO under Razak: His inaction led to the next stage of failure
Razak, the father of current Prime Minister Najib Razak, was quite thoughtful
and managed to bring about some changes. He started the process of nation
building by introducing the word “pembangunan” which is
development. For this, he was eventually bestowed the title of “Bapa
Pembangunan”. After the infamous May 13 racial riot, he introduced the
New Economic Policy (NEP) which had good and noble intentions although it was
miserably abused to the core in later years.
The NEP was meant to re-engineer the wealth of the society, encompassing
education, business opportunities, employment and preferences to eradicate
poverty amongst the entire population and across all racial boundaries. But
UMNO leaders took advantage of this policy to fatten their coffers leaving
both the Malays and other poor Malaysians to continue being deprived of all
that were intended for them. We can clearly see and understand the situation
Razak also empowered FELDA (which was formed by the British in 1956 for their
own reasons) to aggressively embark on opening new land schemes and making
Malays do something to upgrade and improve themselves. The FELDA story is
still unfolding now.
As the Malays were earning some extra income, Tabung Haji ( the brainchild of
Professor Ungku Aziz) was formed to inculcate the habit of savings for the
rainy days and to help save enough money to perform the haj. Sad to say, as
has been reported, Tabung Haji was not safe from the dirty hands either.
The siphoning of money that we see now, the unscrupulous civil servants and
their abuse of power and unchecked corruption also started during
Razak’s premiership. He was not able to closely monitor all the things
that he had implemented.
One glaring example is the construction of the wooden houses for the FELDA
settlers. But instead of houses, the settlers got what were basically just
pieces of sawn wood nailed together with some sort of roofing to protect the
inhabitants from the elements of nature. Yes, the 'house' was just a shed.
These houses can still be seen in the FELDA settlements as a testimony to the
plundering of the allocations by unscrupulous groups of people.
This was the beginning of the money-making schemes, and those in UMNO saw the
doors opening to all the golden opportunities that had never existed for them
before. The government officials too found the opportunity and took what they
could and as much as they could.
When RISDA was formed to help the rubber small holders, they were provided
with free fertilizers, weed poison and other incentives like the money to
keep the rubber plantation clear of all other plants, shrubs and small trees.
This was to ensure improved rubber production, easy maintenance, safety and
prevent the rubber plantation to be any form of hideouts for vermin, wild
animals and the communists.
While they were supposed to be given the items free of charge, the officials
still demanded money from the small holders and a substantial amount of the
fertilizers and poisons went into the wrong hands and were eventually sold to
the hardware shops to be re-sold to others. The money-making schemes were
carried out openly to the extent the RISDA emblem on the sacks could be
clearly seen. Yet, the authorities did nothing to stop the corruption.
Almost all the projects awarded to the UMNO-putras during this period was
executed as Ali Baba schemes leaving the UMNOputras with just 5 percent of
the profit which was too little. Since they were not real businessmen, they
spent extravagantly within a few months finished all their gains. Thus more
projects had to be given out to fulfill their lust. The Ali Baba business
trend began here.
It was the same with other government projects and procurements. The instant
noodles supplied as army ration were paid by the Ministry of Defense at
RM0.65 per packet while the market price was just RM0.25 each.
The police and the army were also in a world of their own with free cigarettes,
cheap alcohol, partying in their messes. They were oblivious to their
surroundings. The police were so callous in their duties that the IGP was
shot dead point blank by two assailants on a motorbike when his car halted at
a congested road on his way to the office.
The inefficient civil servants were preoccupied with so many tasks in their
offices. Hospitals and medical staff were few in numbers, and the school
teachers were the most respectable group of people in society then. But
unfortunately not anymore now.
The Biro Siasatan Negara (National Bureau of Investigation) was operational
but they did nothing. At this stage, the UMNO government ignored all the
warning signs of blatant corruption, misuse of funds and pilferage. As such,
the next stage of failure was inevitable and more so under Hussein Onn, who
was Razak's brother in law.
First huge scandal under Tun Hussein Onn
Hussein Onn was like Abdullah Badawi. He was not able to fit into
Razak’s shoes. Hussein Onn left the country on auto-pilot. Thus, more
corruption and wrongdoing spread all over the country including to Sabah and
Sarawak which had huge amounts of natural resources especially timber.
Sandakan in Sabah once held the world record of the highest numbers of
millionaires (from the greedy rampage and corruption of the timber industry)
per square mile. Sabah is now without a virgin forest except at the national
reserve. This too will not be spared for long and Sabahans still remain poor
The first huge scandal for UMNO which was the RM2.5 billion losses by Bank
Bumiputera Malaysia Bhd, which began in 1976 with its wholly owned Bumiputera
Malaysia Finance (BMF) lending money to property developer Carrian Group in
Hong Kong. The mess unfolded in1983 kicked off the Umno plundering tradition
on a huge scale.
You see, no one was punished for the crime. UMNO leaders condoned such
debacle creating a precedent that when one is a strong UMNO man and with
proper connection, one can get away scot-free. The bailout tradition too began
from this point on.
Since Malaysia was on auto-pilot, the ordinary citizens had to survive on
Mahathir: All forms of failure and a sad lack of vision
This was a very interesting period for UMNO. There were failures galore - all
and every form of failure that could happen did happen. There was systematic
failure at all levels of government to understand the magnitude of the
situation, from stripping the Malay rulers of their powers, using the full
force of the ISA on the opposition, breaking up UMNO, looting the
nation’s funds, antagonizing the West, full-scale bailouts of cronies,
destroying the integrity of the police and judiciary to being a dictator.
Obviously, this resulted in resentment throughout the entire society leading to
the formation of Pakatan Rakyat.
Mahathir was the one who broke the national piggy bank, blazing the trail to
unmitigated government borrowings. He failed to provide enough funds for
rainy days. Many of his supporters boasted that he was famous for his vision,
but time has proven that Mahathir in fact lacked it. He lacked vision simply
because he was not able to see beyond himself.
Mahathir failed to understand the inherent economic cycle and be prepared for
eventual downturns. He knew Lee Kuan Yew had special funds to be used under
the power of the President. But Mahathir siphoned out the only real funds we
had in Petronas, thus even the once rich Petronas has to borrow money now.
The police under Mahathir was for most of the time working for him and not much
for the rakyat. The police was used to defeat the opposition, harass
individuals, put people in jail using the ISA and determining the most
suitable time for a general election. Crime was high since the PDRM was
preoccupied with UMNO and Mahathir. Lawyers were know to be unscrupulous but
it was during his time that the judiciary system was turned into shambles and
judges could be openly bought, thus ending the integrity of the entire law
and order of the country.
Mahathir also failed to uphold the monarchy by stripping the Malay rulers of
their powers. The Malays have lost their last bastion of pride and for the
rest of the Malaysians the last bastion of justice, as can be seen in the
awkward position of the Sultan of Perak being manipulated by UMNO in the
Perak power grab of 2009. The Perak Sultan sanctioned UMNO's coup d'etat,
while the Agong only had enough power to acknowledge BERSIH as legitimate,
while the Sultan of Selangor had to play safe in the JAIS -DUMC case with
UMNO breathing down his neck.
Mahathir in his endeavour to make Malaysia a developed nation by 2020, failed
to safeguard the nation from being plundered by refusing to prevent and take
action against corrupt people. This could be because he was himself a cohort
in some, if not most of the fiascos. The Tajuddin Ramli-MAS scandal is an
example and a living testimony to the failures of the Mahathir-era, while the
RM12.5bil PKFZ scandal is still unfolding.
Mahathir also failed to see the inept capability of Badawi and the hopeless
Najib who both have no real ability of their own. Nonetheless, one cannot
turn back time or erase the systematic failures Mahathir caused. In any case,
he was ready to pass the baton to Abdullah Badawi by 2003.
Badawi sleeping away
Badawi was not able to fit in the shoes of Dr. Mahathir. He tried to undo
several of questionable projects started by Mahathir. But even this, he
fumbled and bungled.
Badawi tried to create some economic corridors, have some fancy slogans like
working together with him and Islam Hadhari, which he himself found difficult
to explain. Till now, the questions ring: what are the corridors, the slogans
and Islam Hadhari really all labout?
The economy became stagnant and to spur development Malaysia had to borrow
more money. He was able to create some sense of economic activities but just
for the elections.
Fortunately for him but unfortunately for the rakyat, he had the fourth floor
goons headed by his beloved son-in-law, Khairy Jamaludin who made things
Our nation was in jeopardy because it was being managed by a twenty-something
de-facto prime minister. Although Khairy was an Oxford graduate, he was not
savvy enough to run a country much to the disgust of Mahathir. Both the
nation and UMNO are now in disarray. A classic example of a Khairy deal gone
awry is the failure of the Shahrizat-linked Gemas NFC debacle.
Badawi did form the MACC but for what? They are just the same people from the
Anti Corruption Agency (ACA) in different uniform.
Free for all, grab what you can now under Najib
Najib is long on ideas but short on action, thus has no results to show.
Basically, this is due to his ideas being copycats of other systems, such as
the Pakatan's Buku Jingga or economic blueprint.
But first of all since he was not elected to his post and his image was
tarnished by the useless and unsinkable Scorpene submarines that also led to
the murder of Mongolian national Altantuya Shaaribuu. Possibly influenced by
his mischievous wife, Najib decided first and foremost to restore his image.
He engaged APCO and FBC Media for a full scale image makeover, spending at
least RM55 million of tax-payers’ money for expensive propaganda to
glorify himself, his government and his policies and having it screened on
international channels like CNN, CNBC and BBC. This is utter stupidity of the
highest level and Najib has failed miserably.
To repair the damage to his image, Najib should have rectified the mistakes
and not try to whitewash them and incurring further blunders in the process.
There is really no point in putting on thick make up duri ng the
day when everyone can see the thick layer of 'paint and powder'.
Transformation programs that go nowhere
Then Najib went on to try to transform several major things but he failed to
see what the causes were that led to past failures. All the sounds and
bombast of his Economic Transformation Program may have seem rather
impressive to the layman, but what are the results so far? Unfortunately we
have not been able to feel good about anything that Najib and his ETP people
His main showpieces are the six National Key Results Areas (NKRA), twelve
National Key Economic Areas (NKEA) - all part of his Economic Transformation
Program. On 23rd November, Bernama reported that Najib underlined six high
impact programs to boost the growth of the Small and Medium Enterprises
(SMEs) to 8.7 by 2020 but, what about now or next year?
The economic policies that the UMNO-BN government under Najib have been undertaken
but show no improvement in the economy. Thus, until now, it has been 'nothing
for nothing Najibnomics'.
As for Najib’s Political Transformation Program, it has proven to be a
farce - heavy on proclamations and full of doublespeak as in the recent
Peaceful Assembly Bill, which actually restricts our freedom and not grant
greater democratic space as he had promised.
Old habits die hard
Even at this very critical juncture, in the last lap to the “Mother of
all Elections”, UMNO still continues to award contracts without
following the proper procedures. At present there are several projects under
the various ministries that have been allocated to their cronies and when the
time comes, by hook or by crook, these projects will come to light whether UMNO-BN
wins the GE-13 or not. So too will all the money-making schemes planned with
guarded secrecy, the PKFZ scandal, the Scorpene scandal and the Gemas NFC
The Najib government has also told the rakyat that it will not be involved in
financing the mega-projects he has announced; they are mostly under the
Private Financing Initiatives (PFI), he assures. But we were not told that
the Umno cronies will have to borrow from the banks and none of the clear
minded private banks would ever lend them any money.
The private banks know that these projects are just money-making schemes
without any guarantee of success and will eventually need bailouts. Thus all
the burden of financing has been given to Bank Pembangunan, the government
bank, with money from the government. Still the money will be taken from our
already depleting EPF and Tabung Haji or borrowed somewhere and bringing
Malaysia closer to becoming another Greece.
Chaos at the ministries
The Ministry of Defense has set the plan moving for the purchase of new
fighter planes from Russia as reported in a defense magazine but Ahmad Zahid
Hamidi denied this recently. The ministry will also continue with the
building of the exorbitantly expensive naval ships and boats.
The Ministry of Education has embarked on building several campuses in Perlis
and Pahang and even the HUKM pediatric hospital in KL and being awarded to
The Ministry of Transport has already approved the KVMRT project, the
Integrated Transport Terminal in Subang Jaya with another going to be in
Gombak and in Melaka and as we all know Malaysia Airports Holding Bhd has a
free hand to impose any charges on passengers and complete the KLIA2 tour at
The Ministry of Agriculture will eventually bail out the failed Gemas NFC
project and the wasteful rice bowl “National Rice Bowl” project
in Sarawak will get more money - some to be reinvested and the rest pocketed.
The Ministry of Finance will continue paying the PKFZ thieves and continue
dumping more money into MAS despite the purported win-win share swap with
AirAsia as MAS has already announced RM400 in losses recently. Petronas has
been set to bail out TNB by absorbing the gas cost.
The Ministry of Tourism too have their money-making schemes through various
advertisement projects, while the Ministry of Information uses FINAS through
the loans and grants issued for movie productions and the misuse of FINAS
assets for some influential individuals.
The other ministries too have their problems and these could be revealed
Enough is enough
Najib has turned Malaysia backwards by not trying to reject the wrong doings
of UMNO-BN. Where his father was too busy, Najib's problem may be because he
has his own scandals; thus a change of government is the only true means of
saving this country. The recent UMNO AGM showed the country the party's true
colors; its racists/fascist bent and the fact that it had no real agenda for
So after tracking through the 6 prime ministers, all of whom came from UMNO,
it is clear the party is the cause, the main ingredient, the catalyst and the
main element of all the failures that have befallen the nation.
We have had enough and enough is enough!
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